Accuracy Standards for ALTA-ACSM Land Title Surveys in Gwinnett County.
These Accuracy Standards address Positional Uncertainty and Minimum Angle, Distance and Closure Requirements that are performed in Gwinnett County for ALTA-ACSM Land Title Surveys. In order to meet these standards, the Surveyor must assure that the Positional Uncertainties resulting from the survey measurements made on the survey do not exceed the allowable Positional Tolerance. If the size or configuration of the property to be surveyed or the relief, vegetation, or improvements on the property will result in survey measurements for which the Positional Uncertainty will exceed the allowable Positional Tolerance, the surveyor must alternatively apply the within table of “Minimum Angle, Distance and Closure Requirements for Survey Measurements Which Control Land Boundaries for ALTA-ACSM Land Title Surveys” to the measurements made on the survey or employ, in his or her judgment, proper field procedures, instrumentation and adequate survey personnel in order to achieve comparable results.
The lines and corners on any property survey Gwinnett County have uncertainty in location which is the result of
(1) availability and condition of reference monuments,
(2) occupation or possession lines as they may differ from record lines,
(3) clarity or ambiguity of the record descriptions or plats of the surveyed tracts and its adjoiners
(4) Positional Uncertainty.
The first three sources of uncertainty must be weighed as evidence in the determination of where, in the professional surveyor’s opinion, the boundary lines and corners should be placed. Positional Uncertainty is related to how accurately the surveyor is able to monument or report those positions. Of these four sources of uncertainty, only Positional Uncertainty is controllable, although due to the inherent error in any measurement, it cannot be eliminated. The first three can be estimated based on evidence; Positional Uncertainty can be estimated using statistical means. The surveyor should, to the extent necessary to achieve the standards contained herein, compensate or correct for systematic errors, including those associated with instrument calibration. The surveyor shall use appropriate error propagation and other measurement design theory to select the proper instruments, field procedures, geometric layouts and computational procedures to control and adjust random errors in order to achieve the allowable Positional Tolerance or required traverse closure.
If radial survey methods are used to locate or establish points on the survey, the surveyor shall apply appropriate procedures in order to assure that the allowable Positional Tolerance of such points is not exceeded.
“Positional Uncertainty” is the uncertainty in location, due to random errors in measurement, of any physical point on a property survey, based on the 95% confidence level. “Positional Tolerance” is the maximum acceptable amount of Positional Uncertainty for any physical point on a property survey relative to any other physical point on the survey, including lead-in courses.
Computation of Positional Uncertainty
The Positional Uncertainty of any physical point on a survey, whether the location of that point was established using GPS or conventional surveying methods, may be computed using a minimally constrained, correctly weighted least squares adjustment of the points on the survey.
Positional Tolerances for Land Title Surveys is 0.07 feet +50 ppm
Application of Minimum Angle, Distance and Closure Requirements
The combined precision of a survey can be statistically assured by dictating a combination of survey closure and specified procedures for an ALTA/ACSM Land Title Survey in Gwinnett County. ACSM, NSPS and ALTA have adopted the following specific procedures in order to assure the combined precision of an ALTA/ACSM Land Title Survey. The statistical base for these specifications is on file at ACSM and available for inspection.
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